Article 1: Applicability
1.1. These conditions apply to all offers made by members
of the Metaalunie and to all agreements they conclude
and to all agreements that may be the result thereof.
The offeror/supplier is the Metaalunie member who
uses these conditions. Such member is designated in
these conditions as the contractor or seller. The other
party is designated as the customer or buyer.
1.2. These conditions may be used only by members of the
1.3. The standard conditions of the customer shall not apply
and are expressly rejected.
Article 2: Offers
2.1. All offers are made without engagement.
2.2. If the customer supplies data, drawings etc. to the
contractor, the contractor may assume them to be correct
and may base his offer upon them.
2.3. The prices referred to in the offer are based on delivery
ex works in accordance with Incoterms 2000. The prices
are exclusive of turnover tax and packaging.
2.4. If his offer is not accepted, the contractor has the right
to charge the customer for all the costs which he has
had to incur in order to make his offer.
Article 3: Intellectual property rights
3.1. Unless agreed otherwise, the contractor retains the
copyright and all industrial property rights in the offers
made by him and in designs, illustrations, drawings,
models, test models, software etc. supplied by him.
3.2. The rights to the data referred to in paragraph 1 shall
remain the property of the contractor irrespective of
whether costs are charged to the customer for their
production. Such data may not be copied, used or
shown to third parties without the express consent of
the contractor. If this provision is infringed, the customer
shall owe the contractor a penalty of EUR 25,000.
This penalty may be claimed in addition to any compensation
owed by law.
3.3. The customer must return the data supplied to him as
referred to in paragraph 1 at the first request of the
contractor within the period specified by the contractor.
In the event of an infringement of this provision the
customer shall owe the contractor a penalty of EUR
1,000 per day. This penalty may be claimed in addition
to any compensation owed by law.
Article 4: Advice, designs and materials
4.1. The customer cannot derive any rights from advice and
information obtained from the contractor if they do not
relate directly to the order.
4.2. The customer is responsible for the drawings and calculations
made by him or on his behalf and for the functional
suitability of the materials prescribed by him or
on his behalf.
4.3. The customer shall indemnify the contractor against
any claim by its third parties relating to the use of drawings,
calculations, samples, models and so forth supplied
by or on behalf of the customer.
4.4. The customer may, at his own expense, examine (or
arrange for the examination of) the materials which
the contractor wishes to use before they are processed.
If the contractor suffers damage as a result, this shall
be borne by the customer.
Article 5: Delivery period
5.1. The delivery period quoted by the contractor is approximate.
5.2. In fixing the delivery period the contractor assumes
that he can execute the order in the circumstances
known to him at that time.
5.3. The delivery period starts when agreement has been
reached on all technical details, all necessary data, final
drawings etc. are in the possession of the contractor,
the agreed payment or instalment has been received
and the necessary conditions for execution of the order
have been fulfilled.
5.4. (a) If circumstances occur other than those known to
the contractor when he fixed the delivery period,
the contractor may extend the delivery period by
the time necessary to execute the order in the circumstances.
If the work cannot be fitted into the
planning schedule of the contractor, it shall be
completed as soon as his planning schedule permits
(b) If there is extra work, the delivery period shall be
extended by the time that is necessary to supply
(or arrange for the supply of) the materials and
parts for this purpose and to carry out the additional
work. If the extra work cannot be fitted into
the planning schedule of the contractor it shall be
completed as soon as his planning schedule permits
(c) If there is a suspension of obligations by the
contractor, the delivery period shall be extended
for the duration of the suspension. If continuation
of the work cannot be fitted into the planning
schedule of the contractor, the work shall be completed
as soon as his planning schedule permits
(d) If work is impossible owing to weather conditions,
the delivery period shall be extended for the term
of the delay that has occurred as a result.
5.5 If the agreed delivery period is exceeded, this shall not
under any circumstances confer entitlement to compensation
unless this has been agreed in writing.
Article 6: Transmission of risk
6.1 In the case of delivery ex works, in accordance with
Incoterms 2000, the risk in relation to the goods shall
pass at the moment when the seller makes them available
to the buyer.
6.2 Irrespective of the provisions of the previous paragraph,
the customer and the contractor agree that the contractor
shall arrange for the carriage. The risk of storage,
loading, carriage and unloading shall be borne by the
customer in this case too. The customer may insure
himself against these risks.
6.3 Even if the seller installs and/or assembles the goods
sold, the risk in relation to the goods shall pass at the
moment when the seller makes them available to the
buyer at the business premises of the seller or at another
6.4 If a purchase involves a trade-in and the buyer continues
to use the goods to be traded in pending delivery of
the new goods, the risk in relation to the goods to be
traded in shall continue to be borne by the buyer until
the moment at which he transfers them to the possession
of the seller.
Article 7: Price changes
7.1 If four months have passed since the date on which the
agreement was concluded and its performance has not
yet been completed by the contractor, an increase in
the price-determinants may be passed on to the customer.
7.2 Payment of the price increase as referred to in paragraph
1 shall take place together with payment of the
principal or the last instalment.
7.3 If goods are supplied by the customer and the contractor
is prepared to use them, the contractor may then
charge a maximum of 20 percent of the market price of
the delivered goods.
Article 8: Impossibility of performance
8.1 The contractor shall be entitled to suspend performance
of his obligations if he is temporarily prevented from
performing them by circumstances that could not be
foreseen at the time of the conclusion of the agreement
and which are beyond his control.
8.2 Circumstances which could not be foreseen by the
contractor and which are beyond his control are
deemed to include failure of his suppliers and/or subcontractors
to fulfil their obligations or to do so in
good time, weather conditions, earthquakes, fire, loss
or theft of tools, loss of processed materials, road
blockades, strikes or work stoppages and import or
8.3 The contractor shall not be entitled to suspend performance
if performance is permanently impossible or if a
temporary impossibility has lasted for longer than six
months. The agreement may then be terminated in respect
of such part of the obligations as have not yet
been performed. In that case the parties shall not be
entitled to compensation for damage suffered or yet to
be suffered as a result of the termination.
Article 9: Scope of the work
9.1. The contractor shall ensure that all licences, exemptions
and other decisions that are necessary in order to carry
out the work are obtained in good time.
9.2 The price of the work does not include:
(a) the costs of groundwork, pile-driving, cutting,
breaking, foundation work, bricklaying, woodwork,
plastering, painting, wallpapering, repairs or
other construction work;
(b) the costs of gas, water or electricity connections
and other infrastructure facilities;
(c) the costs of preventing or mitigating damage to
goods present at or near the work;
(d) the costs of removing materials, building materials
(e) travelling and accommodation expenses.
Article 10: Alterations to the work
10.1 Alterations to the work shall result in any event in extra
work or reduced work if:
(a) there is an alteration to the design or the specifications;
(b) the information provided by the customer does not
correspond with the reality;
(c) the quantities diverge by more than 10% from the
10.2 Extra work shall be calculated on the basis of the value
of the price determinants applicable at the time when
the extra work is carried out. Reduced work shall be
calculated on the basis of the value of the price determinants
applicable at the time when the agreement
10.3 If the increase and decrease in the work results on
balance in a decrease the contractor may charge the
customer in the final invoice 10% of the difference in
the balances. This provision does not apply in the case
of a reduction in the work that is a result of a request
of the contractor.
Article 11: Execution of the work
11.1 The customer shall ensure that the contractor can carry
out his activities without interruption and at the agreed
time and that in the execution of the work he has
access to the requisite facilities such as:
• gas, water and electricity;
• a lockable and dry storage room;
• facilities prescribed under the Working Conditions Act
and other health and safety regulations under that Act.
11.2 The customer shall be liable for all damage as a result
of the loss, theft or burning of or damage to tools,
materials and other property of the contractor located
at the place where the work is performed.
11.3 If the customer fails to discharge his obligations as
referred to in the previous paragraphs and the work is
delayed as a result, the work shall be executed as soon
as the contractor’s planning schedule permits this. In
addition, the customer shall be liable for all loss or
damage suffered by the contractor as a result.
Article 12: Completion of the work
12.1. The work shall be deemed to have been completed
(a) the customer has approved the work;
(b) the work has been used by the customer; if the
customer uses only part of the work, such part
shall be deemed to have been completed;
(c) the contractor gives written notice to the customer
that the work has been completed and the customer
does not indicate in writing within 14 days of
the notice whether or not the work has been
(d) the customer does not approve the work on
account of minor defects or missing parts which
can be repaired or supplied within 30 days and
which do not prevent the use of the work.
12.2 If the customer does not approve the work, he shall be
obliged to give written notice of this to the contractor
specifying the reasons.
12.3 If the customer does not approve the work he shall give
the contractor the opportunity to complete the work
anew. The provisions of this article shall then apply
Article 13: Liability
13.1 The contractor is liable for damage which the customer
suffers and which is the direct and sole result of a
failure attributable to the contractor. However, only loss
or damage for which the contractor is insured or for
which he should reasonably have been insured will be
eligible for compensation.
13.2 The following are not eligible for compensation:
(a) consequential loss or damage, including for
example loss or damage due to business standstills
and loss of profit;
(b) damage to goods which are being worked on or to
goods which are in the vicinity of the place where
the work is being carried out;
(c) damage caused by the intent or deliberate recklessness
13.3 The customer indemnifies the contractor against all
claims of third parties on account of product liability
due to a defect in a product which has been supplied by
the customer to a third party and consisted wholly or
partly in products and/or materials supplied by the
Article 14: Warranty
14.1 The contractor warrants the proper execution of the
agreed performance for a period of six months after
delivery or completion.
14.2 If the agreed performance consists in the carrying out
of contracted work, the contractor warrants the soundness
of the delivered construction and the materials
used in the construction for the period referred to in
paragraph 1, provided that he was free to choose such
If it transpires that the delivered construction or the
materials used are unsound, the contractor shall repair
or replace them. The parts which the contractor is to
repair or replace must be sent to him free of charge.
The dismantling and assembly of these parts and any
travelling and accommodation expenses incurred shall
be borne by the customer.
14.3 If the agreed performance consists in the processing by
the contractor of materials supplied by the customer,
the contractor warrants the soundness of the processing
for the period referred to in paragraph 1.
If it transpires that processing has not been carried out
in a sound manner, the contractor shall choose whether:
• to carry out the processing anew, in which case the
customer must supply new material at his own
• to repair the defect, in which case the customer must
return the material free of charge to the contractor;
• to provide the customer with a credit note for a proportionate
part of the invoiced amount.
14.4 If the agreed performance consists in the delivery of an
item of goods, the contractor shall warrant the soundness
of the delivered item during the period referred to
in paragraph 1.
If it transpires that the delivery has not been sound, the
item of goods must be returned free of charge to the
contractor. Thereafter the contractor shall choose whether:
• to repair the item of goods;
• to replace the item of goods;
• to provide the customer with a credit note for a proportionate
part of the invoiced amount.
14.5 If the agreed performance consists in part or in whole
of the installation and/or assembly of a delivered item
of goods, the contractor warrants the soundness of the
installation and/or assembly for the period referred to
in paragraph 1.
If it transpires that the installation and/or assembly has
not been carried out in a sound manner, the contractor
shall repair it. Any travelling and accommodation
expenses shall be borne by the customer.
14.6 The factory warranty shall apply to parts in respect of
which this has been expressly agreed in writing by the
customer and the contractor. If the customer has had
the opportunity to take cognizance of the content of the
factory warranty, this shall take the place of the warranty
under this article.
14.7 The customer must in all cases offer the contractor the
opportunity to repair the defect or to carry out the processing
14.8 The customer may invoke the warranty only after he
has complied with all his obligations to the contractor.
14.9 (a) No warranty is given for defects that are a result of:
• normal wear and tear;
• injudicious use;
• non-maintenance or defective maintenance;
• installation, assembly, modification or repair by
the customer or by third parties.
(b) No warranty is given for delivered items of goods
that were not new at the moment of delivery.
Article 15: Claims
The customer may no longer invoke an instance of non-performance
if he does not lodge a written claim with the
contractor within 14 days of the date on which he discovers
the defect or could reasonably be expected to discover it.
Article 16: Uncollected goods
If goods have not been collected by the time the delivery
period expires, they shall continue to be held available for
the customer. Uncollected goods shall be stored at the expense
and risk of the customer. The contractor may always make
exercise the power referred to in article 6:90 Civil Code.
Article 17: Payment
17.1. Payment shall be made at the place of business of the
contractor or by remittance to an account designated by
17.2 Unless agreed otherwise, payment shall be made as
(a) cash in the case of an over-the-counter sale;
(b) if payment in instalments has been agreed:
• 40% of the total price at the time the order is placed;
• 50% of the total price after the material is
•10% of the total price upon completion;
(c) in all other cases: within 30 days of the date of the
17.3 Regardless of the agreed terms of payment, the customer
shall be obliged, at the request of the contractor,
to provide such security for the payment as the contractor
deems sufficient for the payment. If the customer
fails to do so within the specified period, he shall be
deemed to be immediately in default. The contractor
shall in that case have the right to terminate the agreement
and recover his loss or damage from the customer.
17.4 The customer does not have the right to set off claims
against the contractor, unless the contractor has been
17.5 The full claim for payment shall be immediately due
and exigible if:
(a) a payment period has been exceeded;
(b) the customer has been declared bankrupt or has
applied for a suspension of payments;
(c) the property or accounts receivable of the customer
(d) the customer (being a legal entity) is wound up or
(e) the customer (being a natural person) is made the
subject of a guardianship order or dies.
17.6 If payment has not been made within the agreed
period for payment, the customer shall immediately
owe interest to the contractor. The interest shall be 10%
per year or the statutory rate of interest, whichever is
the higher. For the purpose of calculating the interest,
part of a month shall be treated as a full month.
17.7 If payment has not been made within the agreed
period for payment, the customer shall owe the
contractor all extrajudicial costs of recovery, subject to a
minimum of EUR 50.
The costs shall be calculated on the basis of the following
• on the first EUR 3,000 ..................................... 15%
• on any additional amount up to EUR 6,000 ... 10%
• on any additional amount up to EUR 15,000 ... 8%
• on any additional amount up to EUR 60,000 ... 5%
• on any additional amount over EUR 60,000 ... 3%
If the extrajudicial costs actually incurred are higher
than those in the above-mentioned table, the costs
actually incurred shall be owed.
17.8 If the contractor is held to be in the right in legal proceedings,
all costs which he has incurred in connection
with the proceedings shall be borne by the customer.
Article 18: Reservation of title and right of lien
18.1 After delivery of the goods the contractor shall retain
title to them as long as the customer:
(a) fails or will fail to perform his obligations under
this agreement or other similar agreements;
(b) fails or will fail to pay for activities performed or
yet to be performed under such agreements;
(c) Has not paid claims that result from the nonobservance
of the above-mentioned agreements
such as damage, penalties, interest and costs.
18.2 As long as title to delivered goods is retained by the
contractor, the customer may not encumber them other
than in the normal course of his business.
18.3 After the contractor has invoked his reservation of title,
he may retake possession of the delivered goods. The
customer shall allow the contractor to enter the place
where the goods are situated.
18.4 If the contractor is unable to invoke his reservation of
title because the delivered goods have been mingled,
distorted or changed by way of accession (accessio), the
customer shall be obliged to grant the contractor a lien
on the newly created goods.
Article 19: Termination
If the customer wishes to terminate the agreement in
circumstances where the contractor is not in default and the
contractor agrees to this, the agreement shall be terminated
by mutual consent. The contractor shall in that case be
entitled to compensation of all pecuniary damage, such as
any loss suffered, loss of profit and costs incurred.
Article 20: Applicable law and choice of forum
20.1 The law of the Netherlands is applicable.
20.2 The Vienna Convention on Contracts for the International
Sale of Goods (CIGS) is not applicable, nor is
any other international regulation the exclusion of
which is permissible.
20.3 Only the civil court that has jurisdiction in the place of
establishment of the contractor may take cognizance of
disputes, unless this would be contrary to peremptory
law. The contractor may deviate from this rule of jurisdiction
and apply the statutory rules governing jurisdiction.
20.4 The parties may agree a different form of dispute resolution
such as arbitration or mediation.
* (Dutch Organisation of Entrepreneurs in Small and
Medium- Sized Businesses in the Metalworking and
Mechanical Engineering Industry.)
M E T A A L U N I E C O N D I T I O N S
Standard conditions of delivery and payment issued by the ‘Metaalunie’*, referred to as the METAALUNIE CONDITIONS and previously as the SMECOMA CONDITIONS,